Issue #1 (5) 2021
“Physiological” Essays by Faddei Bulgarin and Russian Natural School
Alla Stepanova, Head, Dept. of Classical Literature, Azbooka-Atticus Publishing Group (email@example.com)
The question of Bulgarinʼs contribution to the development of the genre of “physiological” essays has not been practically studied yet. To a large extent this is due to an acute conflict between Bulgarin and Russian Natural School, which regarded this genre as one of its basics. The article attempts to examine the specifics of Bulgarin’s work in the context of the sketches of 1840s (in particular, the works from the collection “Physiology of St. Petersburg”), as well as in the context of the newspaper and magazine polemics of that time.
Key words: “physiological” essays, Russian Natural School, literary polemics, Faddei V. Bulgarin, Vissarion G. Belinsky.
The concept «little man» in the present Russian cinema discourse
A.V. Vavulina, Lomonosov Moscow State University (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The article deals with the peculiarities of the existence of the concept «little man», «a person of no importance» in modern Russian cultural space. The author selects two opposite tendencies in understanding the concept that have been outlined in modern art. One of the tendencies shows that the comprehension of the concept in literature, journalism is transferred to the psychological system of co-ordinates that is connected with leveling and oversimplifying national humanistic perception of concept. The other tendency shows that renascence of the concept has emerged in word usage that was set by Russian classic literature in the cinema discourse. This tendency is illustrated by examining A. Zvyagintsev’s films.
Key words: mithologeme «little man», concept, ethical dominant, cinema discourse.
The term «obucheniye» in modern Russian pedagogical dictionaries and textbooks
L.V. Moskovkin, Saint Petersburg State University (email@example.com)
Yuntae Yu, Saint Petersburg State University (firstname.lastname@example.org)
This article deals with the semantics of the term «obucheniye» in modern Russian pedagogical literature. The research findings based on analysis of pedagogical textbooks and dictionaries indicate that there is no clear consensus regarding the term «obucheniye» in Russian pedagogics. Many distinguished scholars of modern pedagogy give different definitions of the term «obucheniye», but at the same time, they use the term mainly in traditional meaning as the activity of a teacher.
Key words: pedagogical terminology, pedagogical terms theory, linguistic analysis, obucheniye.
Foreign highly qualified specialists as a particular contingent of students studying Russian as a foreign language
Nadezhda L.Tikhomirova, Saint Petersburg State University (email@example.com)
The article is devoted to the description of foreign highly qualified specialists living and working in Russia and studying Russian language. This type of contingent is relatively new for the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language and has not been studied sufficiently yet. The article gives main characteristics of this group of people, their motives and goals in learning Russian, that were identified by questioning. The requests from this contingent of students (which are quite important for the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language) are simultaneously the fastest possible way of learning Russian within a limited range of topics, adaptation to the Russian linguocultural environment, and the development of a system focused on highly qualified specialists.
Key words: cultural adaptation, highly qualified specialists, utilitarian goal of studying Russian as a foreign language, elite contingent, Russian linguocultural environment.
Give me a magazine – hooray for the game! (description of the magazines «Grotexny Mnogopotam» and «TraNvay 13», 1986–1998, executive editor M.V. Panov)
Elena Kallo, International Language Center “Language Link” (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Anna Lileeva, Lomonosov Moscow State University (email@example.com)
The article describes the content and the poetics of the magazines “Grotexny Mnogopotam”, “TraNvay 13”. The “poetic shift” is a dominant technique in the home magazines edited by M.V. Panov. In the creating process of the magazines the poetic shift technique extends to non-verbal reality and combines word, image, and game.
Key words: home journal, dominant technique, poetic shift, visualization, game.
Literary trajectories: The scientific fate of Elena Vladimirovna Dushechkina
Tatiana Viktorovna Shmeleva, Yaroslav the Wise Novgorod State University (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The article deals with the scientific fate of Elena Vladimirovna Dushechkina, the professor of St. Petersburg University. Using the metaphor of movement and the concept of trajectory the author shows that, being formed at the University of Tartu as a researcher of ancient literature, E.V. Dushechkina, follows this trajectory and expands the range of studied texts to poetry and prose of classical Russian literature, of proper names in literature and the reality of children’s literature and pioneer songs, and leaves us with wonderful books and articles which can serve as a model for studies of Russian literature.
Key words: literature, poetic text, prose, E V Dushechkina.