Issue #2 (10) 2022
Project “Slavic prepositions in synchrony and diachrony: morphology and syntax” (the Russian language)
Maya V. Vsevolodova, Lomonosov Moscow State University
The article introduces the concept of prepositional units, which combines all means of language that can function as prepositions; the main blocks of attribution of a preposition as a set of its characteristics on all sides of its functioning in speech constructions are considered. In the first block, the choice of the object of representation is discussed; the second block is devoted to the structural typology of prepositions; in the third, the possible positions of the preposition in the syntax are considered; the last block is related to the semantics of prepositions and their synonymy.
Key words: preposition, preposition equivalent, paradigm, meaning.
On the problems of studying prepositions
Galina A. Zolotova, Lomonosov Moscow State University
The fundamental questions of the definition of preposition as a part of speech are raised in the article; the contribution of V.V. Vinogradov to the study of changes in the prepositional system of the Russian language is indicated; prospects for further studies are outlined. The author discusses the provisions of the program article by M.V. Vsevolodova, E.V. Klobukov, O.V. Kukushkina, A.A. Polikarpov “On the foundations of the functional and communicative grammar of the Russian preposition”, notes its ambiguous fragments; expresses doubt about a number of prepositional constructions.
Key words: preposition, syntaxeme, official and significant parts of speech, lexicalization.
Monosyllabic and two-syllable endings of Instrumental singular case in the language of the early 19th century prose: Pushkin and Marlinsky
Stepan G. Mamechkov, Lomonosov Moscow State University E-mail: email@example.com
The article deals with the problem of monosyllabic and two-syllable endings distribution of Instrumental singular case in Marlinsky’s tales in comparison with Pushkin’s prose works. It is shown that the language of Marlinsky’s stories is more archaic and there is no such «lightness» as in Pushkin’s fiction. In contrast to Marlinsky, in Pushkin’s fiction there is a tendency to introduce at least one monosyllabic ending in constructions with several forms of Instrumental case for «lightness» of his style.
Key words: the language of Marlinsky’s stories, Pushkin’s fiction, two-syllable and monosyllabic endings of Instrumental singular case.
M.V. Panov’s orthographic activity
T.M. Grigorieva, Siberian Federal University E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article covers materials testifying M.V. Panov’s orthographic activity, his direct participation in the development of the orthographic reform project of 1964. In addition, orthographic publications of the scientist that form the linguistic competence of ordinary native speakers of the Russian language and contribute to the affirmation of the rights of the phonological principle of Russian writing are considered.
Key words: improvement of Russian orthography, project of the year 1964; phonological principle of Russian writing.
Features of semantics of syntactic constructions in V. Nabokov’s lyrics
Dmitrieva Natalia Mikhailovna, Orenburg State University (email@example.com)
Pyankova Valeriya Igorevna, Orenburg State University (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The article discusses the features of the syntactic structure of V. Nabokov’s lyrics. Syntactic constructions that acquire a special meaning in the lyrics are revealed. The techniques of Nabokov’s poetic syntax are described: semantic functions of dashes in lyrics, semantics of imperative constructions, symmetry of syntactic parallelism, structural and semantic change of the function of insertion constructions.
Key words: V. Nabokov, syntax of lyrics, functions of dashes in poetic text, semantics of syntactic constructions, insertion constructions.
N.P. Kondakov and Bunin: the history of pre-Odessa relations (1896–1917)
Shavlinsky Maksim Stanislavovich, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5156-8999 (email@example.com)
The article is devoted to the analysis of the little-studied relationships of the pre-Odessa period of life (1896–1917) between N.P. Kondakov, I.A. Bunin and V.N. Muromtseva. The traditional dating of the acquaintance of Kondakov and Bunin is disputed: 1909. The general circle of acquaintances is analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the student of N.P. Konda- kov — M.I. Rostovtsev, academician D.N. Ovsyaniko-Kulikovskii and A.P. Chekhov. Based on a comparison of different sources, potentially possible meetings between Bunin, Muromtseva and Kondakov in intellectual circles and literary salons of the late 19’th — early 20’th century are analyzed.
Key words: N.P. Kondakov, I.A Bunin, V.N. Muromtseva, biography, social circle.
On the specifics of commenting on an fiction text in a foreign-language philological audience
Kira A. Rogova, Saint Petersburg State University (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The article discusses some types of compositional techniques in fiction texts containing information that can concretize their “hidden content” associated with the discovery of thoughts, emotional state of the character. The question about possible approaches to commenting on the content of such components of the text in the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language, which should lead to an independent interpretation of the text by students is raised.
Key words: analysis of the fiction text in a foreign language audience, hidden meanings of the text, personification of the participants in communication.